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Old Delhi

Introduction

Old Delhi tourism Delhi is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. In popular use, the term NCT includes several neighbouring areas in the adjoining states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The name Delhi may originate from the Urdu/Hindustani word Dahleez (English: threshold, or frontier) or from the name of a Mauryan king, Raja Dhillu. The people of Delhi are known as Delhiites or "Dilliwaalay". The latter is a historical and cultural term describing people of the old city and the associated diaspora. There are, for example, communities (often living in neighbourhoods dominated and named after them) of Dilliwaalay in major Pakistani cities who still identify their clan with neighbourhoods in the Old City of Delhi. The Persianized surname Dahelvi is also related to residents of Delhi. History of Delhi is the most vibrant than the history of any of the more prominent cities or towns of India. It has been the "capital of seven empires" in Indian history and as per the Archaeological Survey of India, has over 60,000 recognized monuments built over several millennia. Delhi was first referenced in the Indian epic Mahabharata as Indraprastha.

History of Delhi

The history of Delhi is as interesting and as grand as the city itself. It was not since its inception that Delhi got the status of a capital city. However, because of its strategic location, it always counted amongst the major and important cities. History of Delhi enumerates a saga of various dynasties like the Mughals, Khilji and Tuglaqs who once ruled this city. The first ever evidence of Delhi can be traced back to the times of Mahabharata in 1400 BC when it was known by the name of Indraprastha. Earlier named 'Dhillika' and 'Dhilli' in short, the first medieval town located on the south-western border of the present Mehrauli area of the City and founded by King Dhillu in 800 BC according to Satyarth Prakash of Swami Dayanand of 1875 CE; however other theories also exists and differ in their own context. This town was the first in the series of seven medieval cities.

Tomars Rule

It is said that Anagpal Tomar first laid the foundation stone of the seven ancient cities of Delhi much before the 13th century. 1060 AD Tomars (Rajput clan) found Lal Kot, considered to be the first city of Delhi.

Chauhans Rule

Prithviraj Chauhan was the last Hindu king who ruled the ancient Delhi for a considerable period of time and in the second battle of Tarain in 1192 he lost his Kingdom to the Slave Emperors. The Chauhan Dynasty took reign of Delhi city in 1155 AD from the Tomar Empire. Prithviraj Chauhan during his rule changed the name of Lal Kot - built by the Tomars - to Quila Rai Pithora. The rule of Prithviraj Chauhan continued till 1192 AD.

Slave Dynasty

Slave Dynasty initiated in Delhi in 1193. The Turkish slave of Sultan Muhammad Ghur - Qutb-ud-din Aybak - was the prime figure who invaded the land of India in 1175 and later started the Slave Dynasty in Delhi. Raziyya remained the only women ruler of Slave dynasty who ruled Delhi. After Raziyya, Balban became the next ruler of Delhi in 1266 representing the Slave Dynasty. Being known for his cruelties and impartial demeanor, Balban established a centralized government system in Delhi during his rule. In 1287 Balban died and the Slave Dynasty came to an end.

Khilji Dynasty

Khilji Dynasty started its rule in Delhi in 1290 AD after the death of Balban - the last ruler of slave Dynasty. Jalaluddin Khilji was the first king of Khilji Dynasty who made Delhi his dominion in 1290 AD. However, in 1296 AD Jalaluddin Khilji was killed out of a conspiracy planned by one of his nephews - Alauddin Khilji.

Tughlaq Dynasty

Khilji's were defeated by Tughlaq's & they ruled Delhi for 92 years. Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq built the city of Tughlaqabad near Qutub Minar complex. The rulers of Tughlaq dynasty kept on building their empire in Delhi by further founding Jahanpanah and Ferozabad, in the 14th century.

Sayyid Dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty empowered India for about 37 years. Khizar Khan was the founder of the Sayyid Dynasty. He was followed by rulers like Mubarak Shah, Mohammad shah and Alam Shah. Finally in the year 1414 Khizar defeated Daulat Khan, the last ruler of Tughlaq dynasty, and founded the 'Sayyid Dynasty' in Delhi.

Mughal Dynasty

The Mughals were the founder of the Mughal Dynasty in India. They were the descendants of the great Ghenghis Khan of Afghanistan. The dynasty of the Mughals falls under the Medieval period and give an overview about the history of Delhi. The dynasty was founded by Babur, who invaded India in 1526 on the request of Daulat Khan Lodhi. Ibrahim Lodhi was defeated by Babur in the battle of Panipat, thus putting an end to Ibrahim Lodhi's autocratic rule. He established the Mughal Dynasty and ruled India till 1530 AD. The dynasty ruled Delhi with the glorious contribution of the Mughals.

Suri Dynasty

Sher Shah Suri (1486 - 22 May 1545) was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. After Suri Dynasty, it was again Mughal Dynasty who rules the Delhi.

British Rule

The history of Delhi encompasses the role played by the city during India's fight for independence. When India's first war of independence took place in the year 1857 AD, Delhi came to the forefront. Delhi was made the capital of India in the year 1911 by the British, which shifted all activities during the freedom struggle towards Delhi. During this period, the Azad Hind Fauz tried to capture Delhi and establish Swaraj. The popular slogan Dilli Chalo, which evolved during the freedom struggle, is still used by leaders and political parties in rallies and demonstrations.

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